- The word omniscience means “the state of knowing everything.” It is one of God’s most powerful attributes and science is beginning to attest to its possibility.
- The Bible teaches that God transcends both time and space. His abilities go beyond the laws of physics.
- Science is starting to see that time may not actually exist. It is merely a construct put in place to help humanity understand the world and its many operations.
- God’s tracking mechanism can be compared to how digital information is stored in the cloud. Although its an insufficient analogy it can be helpful with beginning to understand the mind of God.
Can there really be an omniscient God who and knows everything at all times? According to the Bible, that’s exactly what God can do. Interestingly, the more we learn about physics, the more such an ability of an observer to be everywhere at once not only seems possible, but science is actually proving it.
We can also draw parallels to cloud computing to help us understand the concept of how God can be everywhere and keep a record of our lives.
What is omniscience?
The dictionary defines omniscienceas: “The state of knowing everything.” It also defines being omniscient, as “knowing everything” or having the ability to know everything.
What the Bible teaches about God’s omniscience
The Bible tells us that God is all-knowing. God knows everything that is happening in the present, everything that has happened in the past, and everything that will happen in the future.
When God spoke through the prophet Isaiah, God said:
“Remember what happened long ago, for I am God, and there is no other; I am God, and there is none like Me. I distinguish the end from the beginning, and ancient times from what is still to come, saying: ‘My purpose will be established, and I will accomplish all My good pleasure.’ ” – Isaiah 46:9-10
Jesus, who is also God, spoke through an angel to the apostle John in the book of Revelation, speaking to His omniscience, saying:
“I am the Alpha and the Omega, the First and the Last, the Beginning and the End.” – Revelation 22:13
In both of the above statements, God shows us that he transcends the limitations of time put on human beings who live on earth. However, as you are about to learn physics has now shown us that when you get beyond gravity and the speed of light, the definition of time changes as compared to how time operates on earth.
What science has to say about space and time
Modern physicists are now embracing the idea that time doesn’t simply us or flow, nor is it a linear sequence of events that only moves in one direction. They are starting to believe that time, both past and future, is simply “there.” In this sense, it aligns with the philosophical full view of each eternalism or the block universe theory of time. Physicists are now beginning to question whether time even exists at all, whether it is only a human construct that is all in our heads due to space-time and be gravitational effect experienced on this planet.
Einstein’s theory of relativity and space-time
Einstein’s general theory of relativity found that space and time were interwoven into a single continuum known as space-time. Einstein said that events that occur at the same time for one observer could occur at different times for another. The idea is that the force of gravity has an effect on time, with its pull creating a curve in space-time. Space has three dimensions, and the fourth dimension is time.
Einstein’s theory was that time can run faster or slower depending on how high you are or how fast you are traveling.
In 2010, scientists conducted an experiment to prove Einstein’s theories on time using atomic clocks – which proved to be correct. Another test in 2015 also confirmed Einstein’s theory.
Einstein suggests that there is only one true constant when it comes to time – the speed of light.
Therefore, there is no fixed frame of reference in the universe. Everything is moving relative to everything else, thus his theory of relativity.
God exists beyond space and time
Physicists speak of the so-called “arrow of time.” In quantum theory, many scientists are beginning to question whether time even exists. According to Einstein’s theories of relativity, they suggest that all moments are equally real and that there is no special time known as “the present.”
Under these rules then, it confirms what the Bible has already told us – God is the exception to space-time. God observes from a position outside of the effects of gravity. Therefore, time is not linear for God. Not only can God see time in the present in the past – but also in the future.
Interestingly, throughout the Bible, Scripture tells us that God is light. Therefore, if God is light – God may be time itself.
Science tells us that the speed of light is the only constant. Light moves in all directions at once. Therefore, if God is light, this would easily explain how God can be present everywhere and at the same time.
How does God track everything?
If we think of a modern technology called cloud computing, it gives us a good analogy. Cloud computing stores all our digital information in multiple locations outside of us. It records the digital work we do and saves it somewhere else rather than our local machine.
The Bible tells us God is keeping a record of everything we do (and for all we know angels may be the ones keeping track – nonetheless it is getting done):
“As for the rest of the acts of Josiah, along with his deeds of loving devotion according to what is written in the Law of the LORD, and his words, from beginning to end, they are indeed written in the Book of the Kings of Israel and Judah.” – 2 Chronicles 35:26-27
Everything each and every human being is doing and even thinking is being recorded. The Bible tells us that our deeds are written in the “book of life,” (Revelation 20:15, Revelation 13:8), and that these will be considered on the day of judgment.