Jesus quoted it, apostles quoted it, yet the Book of Enoch is not part of the biblical canon used by Jews or most Christian denominations? But should we consider this ancient Jewish religious work as part of our own canon alongside the Bible?
Enoch is the great-grandfather of Noah, and “The Book of Enoch” which bears his name, is an ancient Jewish religious work he is said to have written.
Enoch is mentioned in Genesis 5:21-24.
The apostle Jude quoted from Enoch in Jude 1:14-15 (Enoch 1:9) in a nearly exact match (depending on the English Bible translation you use).
“And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints, To execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of all their hard speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against him.” – Jude 1:14-15
“And behold! He cometh with ten thousands of His holy ones to execute judgment upon all, and to destroy all the ungodly: And to convict all flesh of all the works of their ungodliness which they have ungodly committed, and of all the hard things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him.” – Enoch 1:9
The apostle Luke seems to have quoted or at least paraphrased the book of Enoch in chapter 6.
“But woe unto you that are rich! for ye have received your consolation.” – Luke 6:24
“Woe to you who are rich, for in your riches have you trusted; but from your riches you shall be removed.” – Enoch 94:8
It is alleged that Jesus was quoting, or at least paraphrasing, from Enoch. However, many say that even if Jesus did paraphrase from Enoch, never did Jesus or any of the New Testament writers ever refer to the book of Enoch as Scripture.
A further point is, the apostle Paul quoted a Greek poet named Epimenides in Titus 1:12. But that doesn’t imply that Epimenides was inspired by God, therefore, neither should quotes or paraphrasing of Enoch mean that his writings were Scripture.
Jesus is alleged to have paraphrased the book of Enoch in the following part of the New Testament.
Consider and compare these passages:
“for the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the son:” – John 5:22 (KJV)
“the principal part of the judgment was assigned to him, the son of man.” – Enoch 69:27
The there is some dispute over when the book of Enoch was written. By some estimates, it first dates from around 300 BC, while others place it between 2-1 BC.
Several copies of the earlier sections of 1 Enoch were preserved among the Dead Sea Scrolls. It is considered to be part of the Pseudepigraphal books left out of the Bible.
The book of Enoch is comprised of five distinct major sections:
Many scholars believe these five sections were originally independent works.
There are several important things in the book of Enoch that go into more depth on certain subjects than those books currently included in the biblical canon.
Those subjects are: Angels and demons and what they do, the Giants mentioned in Genesis, further detail on the flood.
There are several theories, some in conflict, for why Enoch was not made part of canonical Scripture by the Jews and Christians.
As far as the Jews, they are said to have believed that inspiration had ceased with the prophet Malachi which was written around 450 BC. Therefore, because Enoch is estimated to have been written somewhere between 300 BC and the first century BC, they did not consider the book of Enoch to be inspired.
However, some people believe the book of Enoch was rejected by the Jews because it contains prophecies pertaining to Jesus Christ.
In the case of the Christian canon, later fathers of the Christian church denied that the book of Enoch was inspired by the Holy Spirit. They felt the book of Enoch was not in harmony with the rest of the 66 books that were included in Scripture.
Some topics included in the book of Enoch that some church fathers point to for rejecting the book Enoch is the idea of angels having sex with human earth-bound women – yet this is clearly mentioned in Genesis 6, as well as, are giants living upon the earth.